“First Evidence for Extraterrestrial Sources of High-Energy Neutrinos” —Reports Antarctica Observatory
Although cosmic rays were discovered 100 years ago, their origin remains one of the most enduring mysteries in physics. Until now. A massive telescope at the IceCube Neutrino Observatory in the Antarctic ice reports the detection of 28 extremely high-energy neutrinos that might have their origin in cosmic sources. Two of these reached energies greater than 1 petaelectronvolt (PeV), an energy level thousands of times higher than the highest energy neutrino yet produced in a manmade accelerator.
“We’re looking for the first time at high energy neutrinos that are not coming from the atmosphere,” says Francis Halzen, principal investigator of IceCube and the Hilldale and Gregory Breit Distinguished Professor of Physics at University of Wisconsin–Madison. “This is what we were looking for,” he adds.
Because they rarely interact with matter and are unimpeded by gravity, neutrinos can carry information about the workings of the highest-energy and most distant phenomena in the universe. Though billions of neutrinos pass through the Earth every second, the vast majority originate either in the sun or in the Earth’s atmosphere. Far rarer are high-energy neutrinos that may hail from the most powerful cosmic events — such as gamma ray bursts, black holes, or star formation — where they would be created in association with high-energy cosmic rays that can reach energies up to thousands of PeVs.
Postdoctoral fellow Nathan Whitehorn described 28 high-energy neutrino events captured by the detector between May 2010 and May 2012. These events, including two that exceeded the unprecedented energy level of 1 PeV, were one of the main goals for building a detector such as IceCube.
“Their properties are strongly inconsistent with what you would expect of atmospheric sources and are almost exactly what you would expect from an astrophysical source,” Whitehorn says. It is premature to speculate where these neutrinos originated, he adds, but the IceCube collaboration is continuing to refine and expand the analysis.
IceCube is comprised of more than 5,000 digital optical modules suspended in a cubic kilometer of ice at the South Pole. The National Science Foundation-supported observatory detects neutrinos through the tiny flashes of blue light produced when a neutrino interacts with a water molecule in the ice.
The first hints of high-energy neutrinos came with the unexpected discovery in April 2012 of two detector events above 1 PeV. An analysis of those events was reported last month in a paper submitted to the journal Physical Review Letters. An intensified search, led by Whitehorn and fellow WIPAC scientists Claudio Kopper and Naoko Kurahashi Neilson, turned up 26 additional events exceeding 30 teraelectronvolts (TeV; one-thousandth of a PeV), which will be described in a forthcoming publication.
The Daily Galaxy via http://www.news.wisc.edu/21790
“Good” and “bad” National Socialism
Hudal is said to have received a Golden Nazi Party membership badge, but the fact is disputed. In 1937, in Vienna, Hudal published a book entitled The Foundations of National Socialism, with an imprimatur from Archbishop Innitzer, which was an enthusiastic endorsement of Hitler. Hudal sent Hitler a copy with a handwritten dedication praising him as “the new Siegfried of Germany’s greatness”. Nevertheless, the book was not allowed to circulate freely in Germany by the Nazis — who generally heavily disliked the Roman Catholic Church and did not wish church officials to “clericalize” their ranks — though the book was not officially banned. During the Nuremberg trials, Franz von Papen declared that, at first, Hudal’s book had “very much impressed” Hitler, whose “anti-Christian advisers” were allegedly to blame for not allowing a free German edition. “All I could obtain was permission to print 2,000 copies, which Hitler wanted to distribute among leading Party members for a study of the problem”, Von Papen said.
Hudal was highly critical of the works of several Nazi ideologues, like Alfred Rosenberg or Ernst Bergmann, who publicly despised Christianity and considered it “alien to Germanic genius”. The condemnation in 1934 by the Holy Office of Reich secretary Alfred Rosenberg’s The Myth of the Twentieth Century and, shortly thereafter, of Ernst Bergmann’s The German National Church had in fact been based on Hudal’s secret assessment of both works In his own 1937 book, Alois Hudal proposed a reconciliation and a pragmatic compromise between Nazism and Christianity, leaving the education of the youth to the Churches, while the latter would leave politics entirely to National Socialism. This had been the line followed by prominent German Catholic politician and former Reich Chancellor Franz von Papen too. In the autumn of 1934, Hudal had already explained this strategy to Pius XI, who received him in audience: the “good” ought to be separated from the “bad” in Nazism. The bad - that is Rosenberg, Bergmann, Himmler and others - according to Hudal represented the “left wing” of the Nazi party. The “conservatives” - headed, he believed, by Hitler - should be redirected toward Rome, Christianized and used against the Communists and the Eastern danger. Hitler’s book, Mein Kampf was never put on the Index by Rome, as censors continually postponed and eventually terminated its examination, balking at taking on the chancellor of Germany.
By 1935, Alois Hudal, however, had become influential in creating a proposed list of “errors and heresies” of the “era”, containing several racist errors of Nazi politicians, the Nuremberg laws, but also condemning several quotes directly taken from Mein Kampf; this list was accepted by Pope Pius XI as an adequate condemnation, but he wanted an encyclical rather than a mere syllabus. Three years later, in June 1938, the Pope ordered American Jesuit John La Farge to prepare an encyclical condemning antisemitism, racism and the persecution of Jews, which he did together with German Jesuit Gustav Gundlach and French Jesuit Gustave Desbuquois, resulting in the famous Humani Generis Unitas which was on Pius XI’s desk when he died, but was never promulgated by Pius XII.
The reaction of Rosenberg to Hudal’s ideas was violent, and eventually the circulation of the Foundations of National Socialism was restricted in Germany. “We do not allow the fundaments of the Movement to be analyzed and criticized by a Roman Bishop” - said Rosenberg. In 1935, even before he wrote the Foundations of National Socialism Hudal had said about Rosenberg: “If National Socialism wants to replace Christianity by the notions of race and blood, we will have to face the greatest heresy of the twentieth century. It must be rejected by the Church as decisively as, if not more severely than […] the Action Française, with which it shares some errors. But Rosenberg’s doctrine is more imbued with negation and creates, above all in the youth, a hatred against Christianity greater than that of Nietzsche”.
Despite the restrictions imposed on his book, and despite National Socialist restrictions against German monasteries and parishes, and attempts by the Nazi government to forbid Catholic education at schools, going as far as banning the crucifix in schools and other public areas (see the Oldenburg crucifix struggle of November 1936), and despite the Nazi dissolution and confiscation of Austrian monasteries and the official banning of Catholic newspapers and associations in annexed Austria (“Ostmark”), Bishop Hudal remained close to some of the Nazi regime’s officials, as he was convinced that the Nazi new order would nevertheless prevail in Europe due to its “force”. Hudal was particularly close to Franz von Papen, who as the Reich’s ambassador in Vienna prepared the German-Austrian agreement of 11 July 1936, which some claim paved the way for the Anschluss. This agreement was enthusiastically backed by Hudal in the Austrian press, against the position of several Austrian Bishops. The former Centre politician Von Papen, who was considered dangerous and disliked by the Nazis for his Catholicism, was later on sent to the German Embassy in Ankara.
Hudal had received his 1923 appointment, thanks to the very active intervention of the Papal historian and fellow Austrian Ludwig von Pastor, who died in 1928 and with him an extraordinary Austrian influence in the Vatican. When, in 1937, Hudal published his book on the basic foundations of National Socialism Church authorities were upset, because of his deviations from Church policy and teachings. Hudal in 1937, without mentioning names, had openly questioned the Vatican policy of Pope Pius XI and Eugenio Pacelli towards National Socialism, which culminated in the same year in the encyclical Mit brennender Sorge, in which the Vatican openly attacked National Socialism. The 1937 Hudal book freezes his steady rise in Rome and results in his abdication and removal from the eternal city after the war. His publication like his two previous, less obvious books Rom, Christentum und deutsches Volk (1935) and Deutsches Volk und christliches Abendland (1935) did not have any Imprimatur or ecclasiastical approval, which was another reason for the cooling off of relations with the Vatican of Pius XI. Hudal had proposed a Faustian bargain between Church and Nazis, a “truly Christian National Socialism”: Education and Church affairs remain in the hands of the Church, which in turn recognizes the complete separation of politics to be exclusively National Socialist. The Nazis however had no intentions of giving up education to the Church. Together - according to Hudal - Church and state in Germany would fight against Communism. Hudal sees a direct link between Jews and Marxism and laments their alleged dominance in academic occupations Hudal supports discriminatory segregation legislation against Jews in order to protect a people against foreign influences
Break with the Vatican
Pope Pius XI and Eugenio Pacelli, both attempted first to change Hudal, but after several unsuccessful meetings, broke off all contacts. Hudal, in previous years a popular and influential guest in the Vatican, lived from 1938 on in de facto isolation in the Anima College (which position he was forced to abdicate in 1952). Hudal’s 1933 promotion to Bishop has been cited as evidence that he had close ties to members of the Roman Curia, particularly Cardinal Rafael Merry del Val (an ex-Secretary of State who died in 1930), and Cardinal Secretary of State Eugenio Pacelli, the future Pius XII who had previously been Papal Nuncio in Germany. His very close relation to these prelates and to Pope Pius XI stopped immediately after the publication of his book in 1937, which was interpreted as contradicting Mit brennender Sorge and the 1933 Reichskonkordat.
‘Men can never be free, because they’re weak, corrupt, worthless and restless. The people believe in authority. They’ve grown tired of waiting for miracle or mystery. Science is their religion. No greater explanation exists for them. They must never believe any differently if the Project is to go forward.’
I’m probably really slow today, but I don’t get it?
Obama supports gun control and planned parenthood. This is a conservative view on his stance on the problem. When he says “Never mind,” in regards to saving children, they’re referring to the skewed idea that planned parenthood is only an abortion clinic, and therefore not saving the lives of children.
People do realize that abortions only take up like less than 5% of what they do, right? I know once I was going to PP to get on BC because of ovarian cysts and there was a bunch of people outside who got up in my face and told me I was going to hell for aborting my child and that they hope I’d die and know what my child was going to go through.
Of course they got confused when I was all like “I’m not even fucking pregnant…”
One lady even asked me what I was doing at Planned Parenthood if it wasn’t for abortions and I replied “If you must get all up in my personal business I’m here for birth control for ovarian cysts, you crazy ass motherfuckers. No wonder why nobody likes you. I’m an Atheist and I think ya’ll need Jesus.”
They left pretty quickly after that…
Reblogging this for visibility. Because ^THAT^. A really good friend of mine went to Planned Parenthood to get an STD test, because of reasons. They offer SO many other services besides abortions.
Planned Parenthood is exactly what the name implies. It’s a place where women AND men can go to get information on planning families, you can go and request fertility information, you can go and get reproductive health information, they give out condoms and birth control upon request, they offer mammograms at most PP facilities, and if they don’t offer them, they’ll refer you to a place that will do a mammogram for you.
Planned Parenthood is one of the best conveniences that we have today, and because of idiot conservative, they’re being advertised as a slaughterhouse, when that’s not even remotely what they are.
I love Planned Parenthood, and political cartoons like this make me want to hit people.
To Sam’s friend:
I am so sorry that that happened to you. That’s a really really bad experience with sidewalk counselors. I am a trained side walk counselor what what we are supposed to do is something like this:
Me: Hi, how are you today? (if they don’t reply) I’m really sorry to bother you, but could I talk to you for a minute? (not necessarily about abortions; it’s pretty easy to tell when a woman is having an abortion - she’s usually dressed in comfy clothes and not alone. Generally, she’s walking with a purpose and is either angry or looks a bit sad. If she’s angry, usually breezes by us or cusses us out. A woman having an abortion can’t go in alone because she’s not allowed to drive herself home afterwards.)
If she does breeze by, then we say, very nicely, “If you want to talk later, I’ll be out here the whole time.”
If she doesn’t approach us, we don’t approach her. Most times we can’t go on the property of the clinic, because it’s private property, so we can’t ‘get in her face’. We’re charitable and are kind and I am so sorry that those people did that because that is NOT sidewalk counselling. That’s mental abuse.
Most of us sidewalk counselors know when abortions are being performed and when they are not. As someone whose friend needed to be tested recently for an STD, the crisis pregnancy center was actually cheaper than PP. Birth control does have side effects and most times, it only masks the problem. For example (an example you can read, at least), Jess over Cathofeminism had a very irregular period growing up. She got her period twice a year and her doctor wanted to put her on birth control when she was in 8th grade. She refused. When she came home from college, she hadn’t gotten her period in six months, so she went to the doctors. They asked her if she was sexually active, to which she said no. They had her mom leave the room and then gave her a pregnancy test and tried to give her a PAP test with the non-virgin tool. The doctor didn’t talk about why she might not be cycling and did not offer her a solution unless she would take hormonal contraception. She saw three doctors, none of who tried to diagnose her or treat the problem. It wasn’t until she started charting her cycles for an NFP (Natural Family Planning; only form of birth control that is 100% effective) class that someone suggested she had Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS). This woman wasn’t even a doctor, but she was right.
In addition to merely masking problems, birth control can lead to other things as well. I know everyone says it, but birth control and cancer do have a link. The combined oral contraceptive pill has a Group 1 (carcinogenic to humans) rating per the IARC. Prolonged use of contraceptive birth control can also lead to difficulty getting pregnant later on.
I don’t know if you’ve read the book of a former PP clinic direction, Abby Johnson, or even looked at her website, but she states pretty explicitly that they were urged to increase abortion numbers weekly. The 5% statistic comes from counting every condom, every birth control distributed as a service.
I’m aware PP does other things, but as someone whose friend has gone there pregnant, looking for an option other than keeping her child, she was not referred to a single adoption agency. When she asked about it, she was told how difficult it would be for her to give up her baby.
Planned Parenthood does not offer fertility care, any prenatal care, any adoption services, diagnostic ultrasounds, childbirth classes, lactation consultation, childcare classes, newborn/pediatric care, or postpartum care. It offers birth control, sterilization, and abortion. And mammogram referrals, because most places don’t offer mammograms.
If PP wasn’t founded specifically to target certain racial groups, didn’t make most of its money off of stopping a beating heart, and didn’t say things like “if a fetus is born alive during an attempted abortion, what would happen to that fetus (outside the womb) on the table would be the decision of the doctor and the patient”, then I probably wouldn’t have such a big problem with it.
Love you Sam! I hope your pregnancy is going super well!! :D